Archives for architecture

NDN-NP Project 2014-2015 Annual Report

We recently published our annual report covering our activities from May 2014 through April 2015. We excerpt the executive summary here, for the entire report see http://named-data.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/ndn-ar2015.pdf:

The heart of the current Internet architecture is a simple, universal network layer (IP) which implements all the functionality necessary for global interconnectivity. This thin waist was the key enabler of the Internet’s explosive growth, but its design choice of naming communication endpoints is also the cause of many of today’s persistently unsolved problems. NDN retains the Internet’s hourglass architecture but evolves the thin waist to enable the creation of completely general distribution networks. The core element of this evolution is removing the restriction that packets can only name communication endpoints. As far as the network is concerned, the name in an NDN packet can name anything — an endpoint, a data chunk in a movie or a book, a command to turn on some lights, etc. This conceptually simple change allows NDN networks to use almost all of the Internet’s well-tested engineering properties to solve not only communication problems but also digital distribution and control problems.

Our first four years of NDN design and development efforts (which has a 4-month overlap with NDN-NP) tackled the challenge of turning this vision into an architectural framework capable of solving real problems. Our application-driven architecture development efforts force us to fill in architectural details, and most importantly, verify and shape the architectural direction. We translated our vision to a simple and elegant packet format design, a modular and extensible NDN forwarding daemon, and a set of libraries, including security support, to support application development. These achievements establish a platform that enabled us to tackle new application environments as we stated in the NDN-NP proposal: open mobile health applications, building automation and management systems, and multimedia applications. We achieved all our major milestones for the first year of the NDN-NP project. Highlights include:
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NDN Project Monthly Newsletter for April 2015

The NDN project team compiles and publishes this newsletter monthly to inform the community about recent activities, technical news, meetings, publications, presentations, code releases, and upcoming events. You can find these newsletters posted on the Named Data Networking Project blog.

Community Outreach

  • PI Christos Papadopoulos presented “Named Data Networking in Climate Research and HEP Applications” at the 21st International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (CHEP 2015). Additionally, a group from Imperial College London presented “Possibilities for Named Data Networking in HEP” whereby they built the NDN platform on Centos7 and built a custom C++ application to provide repository services (“repose”). The application is built against lib-ndncxx to connect it to NDN and to backend filesystem libraries librados (part of Ceph) & libcurl The backends serve files into the NDN namespace from either a conventional POSIX filesystem, Ceph or HTTP source (currently read-only client pending solution for authentication).
  • PI Lixia Zhang visited Peking University (PKU) on April 23 where she presented “Tackling the Challenge of Developing A New Internet Architecture” followed by a long Q&A session. Lixia also visited the Institute of Computer Network and Information System at PKU to hear about their ongoing effort with NDN related research.
  • PIs Jeff Burke and Lixia Zhang visited Tsinghua University on April 24 to attend a mini-NDN workshop, organized by Prof. Dan Pei, where professors and graduate students presented their NDN related projects:
    1. Yet Another View on the Pending Interest Table. By Huichen Dai
    2. Hop-adoptive Storage-forwarding Network. By Prof. Bin Liu
    3. Transform HTTP to NDN: How does NDN support Web Content Delivery? By Zhaogeng Li
    4. Adaptive NDN Video Delivery over WLAN. By Menghan Li
    5. Adaptive NDN Forwarding through probing.

    After the mini-workshop we discussed collaboration with Prof. Dan Pei’s group on the NDNFit project.

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Report from the 1st NDN Community Meeting (NDNcomm)

The report for the 1st NDN Community Meeting (NDNcomm) is available online now. This report, “The First Named Data Networking Community Meeting (NDNcomm)“, is a brief summary of the first NDN Community Meeting held at UCLA in Los Angeles, California on September 4-5, 2014. The meeting provided a platform for the attendees from 39 institutions across seven countries to exchange their recent NDN research and development results, to debate existing and proposed functionality in security support, and to provide feedback into the NDN architecture design evolution.

The workshop was supported by the National Science Foundation CNS-1457074, CNS-1345286, and CNS-1345318. We thank the NDNcomm Program Committee members for their effort of putting together an excellent program. We thank all participants for their insights and feedback at the workshop.

Get NFD Connected

The Named Data Networking (NDN) Project offers a potential future Internet architecture designed as a distribution network.

The last post described how to deploy the NDN Forwarding Daemon (NFD) on a low-end box. This post describes how to get it connected.

The procedures and experiences in this post apply to any NDN node. If you aren’t using a low-end box, you may follow the official guide to install binary packages or compile from source. This post assumes you have ndn-cxx, nfd, and ndn-tlv-ping installed. You need access to two machines with NFD running; referred to as “local” and “remote”.

Connect to Another Machine

After installing NFD on your machine, you can connect to any other machine running NFD. Although NDN can run natively above Ethernet, there isn’t a global scale native NDN network yet because NDN is still in its early stage. Instead, NDN can run as an overlay network on top of a traditional IP network. You can specify the IP address and port number of the remote NFD, so that NDN packets get encapsulated into UDP or TCP packets and sent to the remote NFD.

To establish a connection, enter the following command:
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NDN Project Monthly Newsletter for December 2014

The NDN project team compiles and publishes this newsletter monthly to inform the community about recent activities, technical news, meetings, publications, presentations, code releases, and upcoming events. You can find these newsletters posted on the Named Data Networking Project blog.

  1. The NDN Community Workshop report for NDNcomm 2014 will be available in January.
  2. This month we welcome Intel Corporation to the NDN NP Consortium. Eve Schooler whom we have enjoyed at several of our NDN meetings will act as point of contact for Intel.
  3. We plan to hold the next NDN Project Technical Retreat on 5-6 February 2015 at the University of California, San Diego. This retreat will host deep dive technical discussions with a focus on security solution development for specific environments: http://www.caida.org/workshops/ndn/1502/ (Ask Lixia if you wonder whether you should attend. The next NDNcomm meeting will be of more general interest and be held September 2015.)

Technical News

  1. The NDN Testbed has grown to 22 Nodes and 50 links. We have nodes in China, Japan, South Korea, France, Switzerland, Spain and the US. The most recent addition was Anyang University in South Korea.

    To see the latest information, check the status page. To see the bandwidth usage, see the Bandwidth Map.

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NDN Project Monthly Newsletter for November 2014

The Named Data Networking (NDN) project team compiles and publishes this newletter monthly to inform the community about recent project activities, meetings, publications, code releases, and upcoming events. You can find these newsletters on the Named Data Networking Project website at http://named-data.net/category/newsletter/

1. Our recent annual report covers Named Data Net activities in 2013-14. The report summarizes highlights from our research spanning applications, routing, scalable forwarding, security and fundamental theory. It includes updates on forwarding daemon development and testbed deployment, and covers outreach activities such as education initiatives, our first NDN Community Workshop, the first ACM ICN conference, the NDN Consortium, and more. Please see http://named-data.net/project/annual-progress-summaries/2013-2014/ for the report in its entirety.

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Launch of NDN Consortium

The Named Data Networking Consortium was launched today to promote and sustain research in the NDN future internet architecture!  Please see below for more information or to join the consortium.

Press releases: UCLAWUSTL. Univ. of Memphis.

Consortium information, including members and membership details.

NDNcomm 2014: 1st NDN community meeting

We are pleased to announce the first NDNcomm meeting, hosted by UCLA on September 4-5, 2014. This two-day meeting, the first in a series of meetings, will provide an opportunity to discuss existing capabilities and potential opportunities for the NDN software platform to serve the scientific research community.

Our goals for this meeting are (to be refined based on community input):

  1. elaborate on the current state of the NDN software platform and supporting libraries and applications
  2. describe state of current operational NDN testbed, and how to participate
  3. showcase external research using the NDN software platform and testbed
  4. debate existing and proposed functionality to support security and privacy at different layers of the architecture
  5. share examples of educational use of NDN, including tutorial material
  6. provide a forum to guide the evolution of the NDN architecture, key implementation artifacts including APIs, and to provide feedback proposing potential changes based on implementation and deployment experience
  7. discuss a vision/roadmap for the community interested in advancing NDN deployment and usability, and how to accelerate deployment, both from research and commercial perspectives
  8. provide an opportunity for interested members of the community to engage in hands-on-training to use NDN software or testbed platforms

If you think you are interested in participating, see the NDNcomm 2014 page for more details and registration.

NDN Project 2012-2013 Annual Report

We finally published our annual report covering our activities from Sept 2012 through August 2013.  We excerpt the executive summary here, for the entire report see http://named-data.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/ndn-annualreport2012-2013.pdf:

Today’s Internet’s hourglass architecture centers on a universal network layer (i.e., IP) which implements the minimal functionality necessary for global interconnectivity. This thin waist enabled the Internet’s
explosive growth by allowing both lower and upper layer technologies to innovate independently. However, IP was designed to create a communication network, where packets named only communication endpoints. Sustained growth in e-commerce, digital media, social networking, and smartphone applications has led to dominant use of the Internet as a distribution network. Distribution networks are fundamentally more general than communication networks, and solving distribution problems via a point-to-point communication protocol is complex and error-prone.

The NDN project proposes an evolution of the IP architecture that generalizes the role of this thin waist, such that packets can name objects other than communication endpoints. The name in an NDN packet can be anything — an endpoint, a data chunk in a movie or a book, a command to turn on some lights, etc. This conceptually simple change allows NDN networks to use almost all of the Internet’s well-tested engineering properties to solve not only end-to-end communication problems but also content distribution and control problems. Based on three decades of experience with the strengths and limitations of the current Internet architecture, the design also builds in fundamental security primitives (via signatures on all named data) and self-regulation of network traffic (via flow balance between Interest and Data packets). We recognize that any new architecture must be incrementally deployable over the current Internet, and we explicitly consider factors that will facilitate user choice and competition as the network evolves.
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What is NDN?

The Named Data Networking (NDN) project aims to develop a new Internet architecture that can capitalize on strengths — and address weaknesses — of the Internet’s current host-based, point-to-point communication architecture in order to naturally accommodate emerging patterns of communication. The project studies the technical challenges that must be addressed to validate NDN as a future Internet architecture: routing scalability, fast forwarding, trust models, network security, content protection and privacy, and fundamental communication theory. The project uses end-to-end testbed deployments, simulation, and theoretical analysis to evaluate the proposed architecture, and is developing specifications and prototype implementations of NDN protocols and applications. NDN Technical Report NDN-0001 Named Data Networking (NDN) Project is a slightly modified version of the NDN project proposal. The NDN project was funded by NSF in September 2010 as one of the four projects under NSF’s Future Internet Architecture Program.