An Experimental Investigation of Hyperbolic Routing with a Smart Forwarding Plane in NDN
by Vince Lehman, Ashlesh Gawande, Rodrigo Aldecoa, Dmitri Krioukov, Beichuan Zhang, Lixia Zhang, and Lan Wang.
NDN Technical Report NDN-0042
Routing in NDN networks must scale in terms of forwarding table size and routing protocol overhead. Hyperbolic routing (HR) presents a potential solution to address the routing scalability problem, because it does not use traditional forwarding tables or exchange routing updates upon changes in network topologies. Although HR has the drawbacks of producing sub-optimal routes or local minima for some destinations, these issues can be mitigated by NDN’s intelligent data forwarding plane. However, HR’s viability still depends on both the quality of the routes HR provides and the overhead incurred at the forwarding plane due to HR’s sub-optimal behavior. We designed a new forwarding strategy called Adaptive Smoothed RTT-based Forwarding (ASF) to mitigate HR’s sub-optimal path selection. This paper describes our experimental investigation into the packet delivery delay and overhead under HR as compared with Named-Data Link State Routing (NLSR), which calculates shortest paths. We run emulation experiments using various topologies with different failure scenarios, probing intervals, and maximum number of next hops for a name prefix. Our results show that HR’s delay stretch has a median close to 1 and a 95th-percentile around or below 2, which does not grow with the network size. HR’s message overhead in dynamic topologies is nearly independent of the network size, while NLSR’s overhead grows polynomially at least. These results suggest that HR offers a more scalable routing solution with little impact on the optimality of routing paths.